1080 is a potent poison that occurs naturally in the Western Australian genus of Gastrolobium plants. All except for two of the more than 100 species of Gastrolobium are native to South-West WA, where they are known commonly as ‘poison peas’. Gastrolobium growing in this region are unique for their ability to concentrate poisonous fluoroacetate from low fluorine soils.
While brush-tailed possums, bush rats, western grey kangaroos and other species native to South-West WA are capable of safely eating Gastrolobium plants, livestock and other introduced species are highly-susceptible to the poison. As a result, when 1080 is placed carefully it can be used effectively to manage feral animals such as foxes, rabbits and cats with minimal impact on the native fauna.
WARNING – 1080 (or sodium isofluoroacetate) from Gastrolobium plants is highly toxic and great care must be taken when handling it. It is classified as a Schedule 7 poison and can only be purchased from licensed retailers and used by authorised persons. See below for more information on becoming accredited in using 1080 poison for feral animal control.
1080 Baiting Info Sheet (WNRM)
1080 control (DAFWA)
1080 characteristics and use (DAFWA)